The legislative branch
Though the Constitution requires that the two bills have the exact same wording, this rarely happens in practice.
Among national legislaturesChina 's National People's Congress is the largest with 2, members,  while Vatican City 's Pontifical Commission is the smallest with 7.
They are supposed to make sure that the government is spending the tax money on the right things and that the different branches of government are doing their jobs. Until the ratification of the 17th Amendment inSenators were chosen by state legislatures, not by popular vote.
The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject many Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers.
Branches of government
Another important congressional power is the power to declare war. The members of a legislature usually represent different political parties ; the members from each party generally meet as a caucus to organize their internal affairs. In addition to the speaker of the House, who is the leader of the majority party, there is also a majority leader and a minority leader. Representatives are elected every two years. This is called a pocket veto, and if Congress still wants to pass the legislation, they must begin the entire process anew. Other powers of the Congress include declaring war, confirming Presidential appointments for groups like the Supreme Court and the Cabinet, and investigating power. The House of Representatives is considered to be the chamber of Congress that is closest to the people, or most responsive to public needs and opinion. Each committee oversees a specific policy area, and the subcommittees take on more specialized policy areas. Congress may override the veto with a two-thirds vote of each chamber, at which point the bill becomes law and is printed. Members of the House are elected every two years and must be 25 years of age, a U. The Senate must ratify all treaties by a two-thirds vote. The executive branch also polices itself: Sixty-four Inspectors General, each responsible for a different agency, regularly audit and report on the agencies to which they are attached.
Representatives may serve an unlimited number of terms in office. If a bill is particularly pressing, it may be considered right away.
A supermajority of 60 Senators can break a filibuster by invoking cloture, or the cession of debate on the bill, and forcing a vote.
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