Philosophy and education comparison chart of

reconstructionism philosophy of education ppt

Comparative philosophy—sometimes called cross-cultural philosophy—is a subfield of philosophy in which philosophers work on problems by intentionally setting into dialogue sources from across cultural, linguistic, and philosophical streams.

Comparative philosophers most frequently engage topics in dialogue between modern Western for example, American and Continental European and Classical Asian for example, ChineseIndianor Japanese traditions, but work has been done using materials and approaches from Islamic and African philosophical traditions as well as from classical Western traditions for example, JudaismChristianityPlatonism.

Philosophical perspectives in education

He recognized the potential for either human annihilation through technology and human cruelty or the capacity to create a beneficent society using technology and human compassion. Other proponents of Essentialism are: James D. Metaphysics considers questions about the physical universe and the nature of ultimate reality. To the extent that the staff, rather than the students, influence the curriculum, the humanities are commonly given tremendous emphasis. Community-based learning and bringing the world into the classroom are also strategies. Curriculum content is derived from student interests and questions. The comparative philosopher may be working on isolated topics, or with two or more philosophers, just for the sake of gaining clarity on some specific issue.

In the existentialist classroom, subject matter takes second place to helping the students understand and appreciate themselves as unique individuals who accept complete responsibility for their thoughts, feelings, and actions.

This educational philosophy stresses that students should test ideas by active experimentation. Unlike comparative philosophy, in area studies philosophy, the focus is on a single region.

educational philosophies

Realism, the school of thought founded by Aristotle, believes that the world of matter is separate from human perceptions. Learning is self-paced, self directed, and includes a great deal of individual contact with the teacher, who relates to each student openly and honestly.

Neill Man is nothing else but what he makes of himself.

philosophies of education examples

Equality academic, rewards and jobs disadvantaged based on merit Society group values, acceptance of individual growth, individual ability, norms, cooperative and importance of individual conforming behavior Adapted from Ornsteins and Olivas Educational Philosophies.

Revised It is the teaching of basic skills that have been proven over time to be needed in society. Michel Foucault, another postmodern philosopher, examined the relationship between truth and power. Thus, cultivation of the intellect is the highest priority in a worthwhile education.

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Philosophy of Education. . . : HISTORICAL COMPARISON CHART OF FORMAL EDUCATION