George orwell s politics and the english

It is also a rant that is easily misapplied to perpetuate prescriptive nonsense, regardless of context. Thus political language has to consist largely of euphemism, question-begging and sheer cloudy vagueness.

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To my mind, the rules that are the most important would be number 3 and 6. So far as the general tone or spirit of a language goes, this may be true, but it is not true in detail. I should expect to find — this is a guess which I have not sufficient knowledge to verify — that the German, Russian and Italian languages have all deteriorated in the last ten or fifteen years, as a result of dictatorship.

george orwell politics and the english language full text

A speaker who uses that kind of phraseology has gone some distance toward turning himself into a machine. I presume that the origin of language is the oil to the motor to politics. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. He says these are exacerbated by a trend from concreteness to abstraction, and a profusion of overly complex words and stock phrases, of which he gives many examples.

George orwell s politics and the english

It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts. It is a means of universal communication and allows for people of all different cultures, ethnicities, and backgrounds, to come to a mutual sense of understanding. Recall the definition of love. Generally the political writer is some form of rebel who is expressing his own opinions rather than pursuing some party line. One of Orwell's points is: The great enemy of clear language is insincerity. A bad usage can spread by tradition and imitation even among people who should and do know better. If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out. Orwell calls it political conformity or following the norm of the group. When one watches some tired hack on the platform mechanically repeating the familiar phrases — bestial, atrocities, iron heel, bloodstained tyranny, free peoples of the world, stand shoulder to shoulder — one often has a curious feeling that one is not watching a live human being but some kind of dummy: a feeling which suddenly becomes stronger at moments when the light catches the speaker's spectacles and turns them into blank discs which seem to have no eyes behind them. Could I word it more shortly? Adulteration is resulting in dilution of meaning and a lack of soul and voice. Orwell points out that this "translation" contains many more syllables but gives no concrete illustrations, as the original did, nor does it contain any vivid, arresting images or phrases. There is a long list of flyblown metaphors which could similarly be got rid of if enough people would interest themselves in the job; and it should also be possible to laugh the not un- formation out of existence 3 , to reduce the amount of Latin and Greek in the average sentence, to drive out foreign phrases and strayed scientific words, and, in general, to make pretentiousness unfashionable. When you are composing in a hurry — when you are dictating to a stenographer, for instance, or making a public speech — it is natural to fall into a pretentious, Latinized style. Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word, or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent.
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Analysis of Orwell's "Politics and The English Language: [Essay Example], words GradesFixer